Review Week Begins!

As we move into the final full week of classes, we will first finish up the material of Chapter 12 by completing a translation about the early Roman hero Mucius Scaevola.

After this, finals review will officially begin. Starting on Wednesday, we will spend each day going over one aspect of our Latin knowledge: nouns, verbs and case uses. We will continue to review material leading into finals week.


Translation & Personal Pronouns

In Latin I this week, we’ll be moving on from our work with the imperfect tense to start Chapter 12 and continue work on general translation experience. New information in Chapter 12 will include the irregular declensions of the personal pronouns “I” (ego), “we” (nos), “you” (tu), “you all” (vos) and “he/she/it” (is/ea/id).

After we complete Chapter 12, we will use the last couple of weeks to review everything that we have learned over the course of the year.

Finishing the Imperfect

In Latin I, over the past couple of weeks we have been starting to learn the imperfect tense and work with it in translation. Students now three ways in which to translate an imperfect verb. For instance, the word ambulabamus can be translated as “we were walking”, “we used to walk” or “we kept on walking”. Last week, they were quizzed on how to conjugate and translate these forms.

This week we will continue with these types of lessons, now including the irregular imperfect conjugations of sum (to be) and possum (to be able). Students will be quizzed on these irregular forms on Thursday. Throughout the week we will also be translating a passage of Latin from Chapter 11 of the textbook, an adaptation from the Aeneid about Dido, queen of Carthage.

Review Week

Having completed our work with Chapter 8 in the Latin textbook, we will be taking a break from new material to review all of our declensions and conjugations, as well as the grammatical constructions that we have learned over the course of the year. We will also be working more with previous National Latin Exams.

Next week we will begin our work with Chapter 9, learning about the fourth conjugation of Latin verbs as well as special kinds of nouns that belong to the third declension.

The Roman figure project assigned to students a few weeks ago is due NEXT FRIDAY (March 4), and so students should start researching and designing their posters if they have not already.

The Third Conjugation & the NLE

For the last couple of weeks students have been working through Chapter 8 of their Latin textbooks, practicing more with the third declension of nouns and also becoming acquainted with the third conjugation of verbs, which is different from the first and second conjugations that we learned at the beginning of the year. We will continue to practice with recognizing these forms of nouns and verbs and forming them outside of translation.

This upcoming week will be primarily used for reviewing information for the NLE, the National Latin Exam. The NLE is a test taken by Latin students across the country at all levels, and while it has no bearing on a student’s grade it can be a fun experience, and if students do well, they may win prizes! We will be going over past exams for practice and to learn information that may not necessarily be included in our textbook, but that will be useful for Latin students along the road.

Parents should be aware that students have been assigned a project, which will be due on March 4. They are tasked with creating a poster that tells the class about a famous Roman from history. Each student’s assigned figure and the requirements for the poster can be found on the project sheet distributed in class.

The Third Declension and Indirect Statement

For the past couple of weeks in Latin I, we have been reviewing past information about grammar and translation, as well as adding new information to our knowledge of Latin.

In Chapter 6, students learned how to conjugate the verbs sum  and possum, which translate as “I am” and “I am able.” They also learned how to translate complementary infinitives in phrases like, “I am accustomed to live in Rome,” or, “I want to walk with my friends.”

In Chapter 7, so far we have learned how to decline the third declension of nouns, which contains more Latin nouns than each of the other four. We have begun to use these nouns in translation.

During this upcoming week, we will continue to work with the third declension and will also begin to learn about the use of indirect statements in Latin in order to translate phrases like, “Vergil says that fortune favors the bold.”

Review & Group Skits

In Latin I this past week, we reviewed the passive voice, which students worked with just before Thanksgiving break. They were quizzed on passive verb charts and translations using the passive voice, and we will be going over the translation aspect of this assessment during the upcoming week.

Last week we also filled out an extensive review packet that tested students’ memory of concepts from all throughout the first semester. We will be continuing to go over answers at the beginning of this week.

Aside from finishing up with last week’s material, this week will consist mostly of review and a focus on translation. Starting now students will be required to explain to use of noun cases when translating a sentence, rather than just identifying a noun’s gender, case and number.

Finally, students will be working on a minor project this week: groups of three and four will present a short skit that tells a Graeco-Roman story or myth. Groups chose their projects last week and will be performing their skits for the class on Friday.

Chapter 5: Passive Verbs

This past week in Latin one, we finished up our work with neuter nouns and adjectives by taking a quiz on regular adjective declensions on Thursday.

We also started to get a taste of the passive voice by translating at sight a modified passage from one of Cicero’s letters to his wife, Terentia. Students worked through this translation as a group, without any previous preparation, and took their first look at the passive voice in Latin.

During this short week before Thanksgiving, we will take formal notes on the passive voice and begin to do more extensive work with conjugating, manipulating and translating these verbs. There will also be a vocabulary quiz on Wednesday.

Chapter 4: Adjectives & Neuter Nouns

Last week in Latin I we started work on Chapter 4 of our textbook, which introduced the system of second declension neuter nouns. These nouns are very similar to their masculine counterparts, but their forms change in the nominative and accusative cases. Students learned how to recognize a neuter noun based on the -UM ending of its nominative singular and how to decline them fully. We also began to experiment with Latin adjectives, which decline in three different systems–one for each gender of noun. Adjectives need to match their nouns in GENDER, NUMBER and CASE, meaning that often the endings of adjectives will look exactly like those of the nouns that they modify, but not always.

This upcoming week we will continue to work with adjectives and neuter nouns and begin to use them in translation.

Using the Second Declension in Translation

After coming back from break, we spent the first few days reviewing, and last week the review continued with several days of translation practice. For homework students translated three installments of the story Echo & Narcissus, which we went over in class. We also took a quiz on translating sentences as well as parsing the nouns and verbs used in them. We wrapped up the week by beginning to compose a list of uses for the ACCUSATIVE and ABLATIVE cases on sheets of paper that will be useful for as long as the students study Latin. These are designed to be a handy way of studying and double-checking information.

This upcoming week we will be starting Chapter 4 of our textbook. We will learn how to decline the neuter portion of the second declension and how to use Latin adjectives correctly.