Augustus Caesar

Be advised: the students have their chapter test this coming Tuesday, April 26.

Gaius Octavius (63 BC-14 AD), better known to posterity as Augustus Caesar or simply Augustus, had learned from the mistakes of his adopted father Julius Caesar. He knew that to move too quickly, too abruptly, and too radically in the direction of autocracy would result in his own death—perhaps, like Caesar, in a pool of his own blood. Following the defeat of Mark Antony and Cleopatra at Actium in 31 BC, he directed his energies at slowly consolidating his own power and working within the contours of what remained of the Republican system. The Senate could not be brazenly marginalized. If he were to be in effect dictator perpetuo, dictator for life, he could never claim such a title for himself.