Last week in Latin I we started work on Chapter 4 of our textbook, which introduced the system of second declension neuter nouns. These nouns are very similar to their masculine counterparts, but their forms change in the nominative and accusative cases. Students learned how to recognize a neuter noun based on the -UM ending of its nominative singular and how to decline them fully. We also began to experiment with Latin adjectives, which decline in three different systems–one for each gender of noun. Adjectives need to match their nouns in GENDER, NUMBER and CASE, meaning that often the endings of adjectives will look exactly like those of the nouns that they modify, but not always.
This upcoming week we will continue to work with adjectives and neuter nouns and begin to use them in translation.